Posts for tag: Lifestyle
New Year’s resolutions are great for kids and teens as they sometimes need to make these promises to themselves and you, in order to organize their goals for the coming year.
Here are some great tips to help your child choose specific, achievable resolutions to set them up for success in the New Year.
First, start off by explaining what a resolution is and giving examples of ones they have set in past years. You don’t want your child to feel like something is wrong with them now; instead, frame the conversation as something that could be done better. If your child suggests well-intentioned but vague ideas like “be healthier” try to help them develop those ideas into tangible actions that can be done every day such as “spend 30 minutes outside every day”.
Next, make sure to remember that resolutions should always be discussed in a positive way. For example, their resolution should be worded, “I’m going to do this…” instead of “I’m going to STOP doing this…”
Some Great Pediatric Resolutions Include:
Healthier Eating - Target an area you and your child need to improve upon and discuss why it is important. If you want to eat less fast food, talk about what you are going to eat instead. Or if your child is trying to eat more vegetables, agree on a specific number for the day or week.
Examples of some specific New Year’s Resolution in regards to healthier eating:
- “I’m going to drink two glasses of milk each day instead of soda or juice”
- “I’m going to eat two pieces of fruit at lunch each time”
More physical activity (exercise) - this is always a good resolution but keep in mind that the work “exercise” can be boring. Try to make it sound fun so your child is more likely to stick to it such as:
- “I’m going to join a soccer team”
Screen time - It is not enough to simply say “we are going to decrease screen time”. Quanitfy how much you and your child will reduce and what they will be doing instead such as:
- “I’m going to limit screen time to 30 minutes per day and read before bed instead of watching TV”
Social Resolutions - A social resolution should always be tailored to your child and an area where they would like to improve upon.
Great examples of these are:
- “I’m going to do one random act of kindness a week”
- “I’m going to talk to one person at school I’ve never met each week”
Helping around the house - Committing to chores is always smart as it makes kids feel needed and useful. Plus, you’ll get a little help around the house!
Examples of these resolutions include:
- “I’m going to set the table for dinner every night”
- “I’m going to make my bed every morning”
Educational resolutions - Learning new skills is always a great resolution and can be a great source of family time.
Examples of these include:
- “I’m going to learn how to make chocolate chip cookies”
- “I’m going to learn how to speak Spanish”
Family time - commit to spending more time as a family!
- “We’re going to have game night every Saturday”
- “We’re going to eat dinner together every weekday”
Don’t forget, that when it comes to resolutions, it is important for you, the parent, to lead by example and don’t be afraid to adjust your goals along the way if they’re becoming stale or if you actually accomplish them!
From infants and toddlers to school-aged children and teens, one of the most common questions we get is how much sleep should my child be getting? While it's true that sleep needs vary from person to person, there are some very reasonable, science-based guidelines to help you determine if your child is getting the sleep he or she needs to grow, learn and play!
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) provides some helpful guidelines regarding just how much sleep children need at different stages in their development. Don't forget though that these numbers reflect TOTAL sleep hours in a 24-hour period, this includes naps.
Do These Numbers Surprise You?
It's important to remember that all children thrive on a regular bedtime routine. Regular sleep deprivation can result in difficult behaviors and health problems such as: irritability, difficulty concentrating, hypertension, obesity, headaches and depression. Children who get enough sleep have a healthier immune system and better school performance, behavior, memory and mental health!!
As a parent, it’s important to encourage healthy habits, including exercise, in your youngster to help enforce that physical activity becomes as much a part of their routine as eating and sleeping.
Teach your child that sports such as cycling (always with a helmet!), swimming, basketball, jogging, walking briskly, cross country skiing, dancing, aerobics, soccer and other sports when played regularly, are not only fun but also promote health.
Physical activity is important for all children as it helps to:
1. Increase Cardiovascular Endurance
Did you know that more Americans die from heart disease than any other ailment! Physical activity can help improve your child’s fitness, make them feel better and also strengthen their cardiovascular system helping to protect against heart problems.
How you many ask? Aerobic activity can help the heart pump more efficiently, helping to reduce the incidence of high blood pressure. It can also help raise the body’s level of HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, the “good” cholesterol that removes excess fats from the bloodstream.
But I thought cardiovascular diseases were thought to be illnesses of adulthood? Fatty deposits have been detected in the arteries of children as young as three years of age and high blood pressure is present in about 5 percent of youngsters, making it important to make physical activity part of your child’s routine from the beginning!
How much activity should my child be getting? It is recommended that children in their middle-years get twenty to thirty minutes of physical activity, at an increased heart rate, at least three times a week. Make certain that each session of exercise is preceded and followed by a gradual warm-up and cool-down allowing muscles, joints and the cardiovascular system to ease into and out of vigorous activity, helping to ensure a safe workout.
2. Improve Large Muscle Strength and Endurance
As physical activity becomes a part of your child’s routine, your child’s muscles with become stronger and they will be able to exercise for longer periods of time, as well as help to prevent future injuries, as strong muscles provide better support for the joints.
What are some exercises my child can do?
Modified sit-ups (knees bent, feet on the ground) can help build up abdominal muscles, increase lung capacity, and protect against back injuries.
Modified pull-ups (keeping the arms flexed while hanging from a horizontal bar)
Modified push-ups (positioning the knees on the ground while extending the arms at the elbow)
3. Increase Flexibility
In order to be well-rounded in terms of physical fitness, children need to be able to twist and bend their bodies through the full range of normal motions without overexerting themselves or causing injury. Although most people lose flexibility as they age, this process can be repressed by maintaining suppleness throughout life, beginning in childhood.
Stretching exercises are the best way to maintain or improve flexibility and should be incorporated into your child’s warm-up and cool-down routine.
How should I instruct my child to stretch? Your child should stretch to a position where they begin to feel tightness but not pain and then hold steady for twenty to thirty seconds before relaxing. Instruct your child not to bounce as they stretch as this can cause injury to the muscles or tendons.
4. Maintain a Healthy Weight
Did you know twelve percent of children in their pre-puberty years are overweight! Physical activity can effectively burn calories and fat and reduce appetite. Ask your provider to help determine whether your child has a healthy percentage of body fat for their age and sex.
5. Reduce Stress
Stress that is unmanaged can cause muscle tightness contributing to headaches, stomachaches and other types of discomfort. Getting your child physically active teaches them to not only recognize stress in their body but also healthy ways to manage it. Exercise is one of the best ways to control stress helping your child to experience less stress-related symptoms than their sedentary peers.
With school back in session, it’s important to start your child’s year off on the right foot! This not only includes helping your child get a good night’s sleep, but also making sure their body is fueled with healthy food. Including protein in your child’s breakfast is an important part of helping to prepare them for the first half of their school day.
We know that you can’t also be with your child making sure they are eating well, but packing a healthy and wholesome lunch can go a long way in making sure your child is ready to learn.
Follow these easy steps in making your kid’s lunch healthy and nutritious:
1. Get your Kid Involved
- Give your kids healthy food options from each food group and let them make the final decisions on what goes in their lunch.
- Help your child make a list of favorite healthy lunch items to post on the refrigerator.
- Take your child to the grocery store and let them help to choose what goes in the cart (to a certain extent). This will help to promote feelings of responsibility and empowerment.
- Designate a part of your kitchen as the “lunch packing station” and spend time with your kids the night before helping to get their lunch ready for the next day.
2. Pack Healthy Foods and Keep it Fun
- Turn healthy foods into fun foods by using cooking cutters to make shapes out of bread, deli meat, cheese, or a melon-baller for fruit.
- Create a theme for the day and have all the food in their lunch relate to a theme. For creative lunch theme ideas, visit ParentMap.
- Steer clear of proceeds food that tend to have nutrients stripped out and extra sugar added. Instead include: whole wheat bread or tortillas, lean proteins like turkey and chicken, low-fat dairy such as yogurt and cheese sticks, fresh fruits and vegetables, and dips that contain healthy fats such as hummus, guacamole and nut butters.
3. Make Sure to Incorporate All the Food Groups
- Use MyPlate as a visual to help you structure what should go into your child’s lunch.
4. Encourage Hydration
- Skip sweetened beverages. Did you know a 12 ounces can of soda can contain up to 10 teaspoons of sugar and many fruit juices may have much more than that! Instead, pack low-fat milk or water.
- It’s recommended that school-age children drink between 6-8 cups of water per day (even more in hot weather or if their activity level is high!).
- Let your child pick out their favorite water bottle and encourage them to drink the whole thing at least twice at school.
- If the “flavor” of water is too boring for them, throw in a few pieces of frozen fruit to sweeten it up – and keep it cooler.
With these tips in mind, you and your child are ready to start the school year off on the right foot. Good luck and happy packing!!
The digital media today's children are immersed in can have both positive and negative effects on their development. The AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) set new recommendations and provided families with a great new resource to help families balance screen time from birth to adulthood.
This Interactive Family Media Plan helps families develop healthy habits regarding screen time to meet the needs of each child in terms of health, education and entertainment needs, as well as the family as a whole.
“Families should proactively think about their children’s media use and talk with children about it, because too much media use can mean that children don’t have enough time during the day to play, study, talk, or sleep,” said Jenny Radesky, MD, FAAP, lead author of the policy statement, “Media and Young Minds,” which focuses on infants, toddlers and pre-school children. “What’s most important is that parents be their child’s ‘media mentor.’ That means teaching them how to use it as a tool to create, connect and learn.” A second policy statement, “Media Use in School-Aged Children and Adolescents,” offers recommendations for children ages 5 to 18, and a technical report, “Children, Adolescents and Digital Media,” provides a review of the scientific literature to support both policies. All three documents were published in the November 2016 Pediatrics (online October 21).
As parents, we need to emphasize creative, screen free, playtime for infants and toddlers. While the AAP recognizes that some media can provide an educational value for children starting around 18 months of age, it is extremely important that this be high-quality programming such as the content offered by Sesame Workshop and PBS. Another important aspect is that parents of young children watch these programs with their children so they can help to explain to their child what they are seeing.
So what can we do for our school-age children and adolescents to help them build healthy screen time habits? The key lies in balancing media use with other healthy behaviors. Screen time becomes problematic when it replaces physical activity, hands-on exploration and face-to-face interactions in the real world. Too much screen time can also be detrimental to the quantity and quality of sleep our children receive.
Among the AAP recommendations:
- For children younger than 18 months, avoid use of screen media other than video-chatting. Parents of children 18 to 24 months of age who want to introduce digital media should choose high-quality programming, and watch it with their children to help them understand what they're seeing.
- For children ages 2 to 5 years, limit screen use to 1 hour per day of high-quality programs. Parents should co-view media with children to help them understand what they are seeing and apply it to the world around them.
- For children ages 6 and older, place consistent limits on the time spent using media, and the types of media, and make sure media does not take the place of adequate sleep, physical activity and other behaviors essential to health.
- Designate media-free times together, such as dinner or driving, as well as media-free locations at home, such as bedrooms.
- Have ongoing communication about online citizenship and safety, including treating others with respect online and offline.
To see the entire article published by the AAP, click on the following link: American Academy of Pediatrics Announces New Recommendations for Children's Media Use